Valencia (Spain)

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Valencia region (Spain): In the last two decades, vineyards in inland Valencia have undergone important processes of productive intensification: new irrigation systems were constructed, linear intensive plantations expanded at the cost of smaller scale plantations, changes of varieties were introduced, and harvesting was further mechanized. This has provoked a number of landscape-level impacts, including groundwater exploitation, alteration of green infrastructure and crop visual patterns. These changes potentially affect the surrounding Natura 2000 sites. In addition, these farm-level changes are reflecting the regions’ social and institutional framework (PDOs, irrigation districts, technology providers, wineries) which condition the feasibility and evaluation of sustainable intensification.